Poisonous Plants

Common Poisonous Plants of Florida


Find out the names of your house and yard plants. Call the Poison Center to see if your plants are toxic. Below is a partial list of common poisonous plants.

Recommended First Aid Steps:

  1. Remove all plant pieces from mouth.
  2. Rinse mouth and lips with cool water.
  3. Offer sips of water to drink.
  4. Wash hands with soap and water.
  5. Call the Poison Center immediately at 1-800-222-1222.
Arrowhead, Dieffenbachia,Caladium, Philodendron, Peace Lily, Pothos

The leaves and stems contain oxalate crystals that cause immediate pain when chewed. Burning and irritation in the lips, mouth and throat can occur. If plant parts are swallowed, vomiting can occur.


Oleander, Lily of the Valley, Foxglove

All parts of the plants are poisonous if swallowed or if smoke from a burning plant is inhaled. Symptoms include nausea, vomiting, stomach cramps, dizziness, low blood pressure, slow pulse and seizures.

Castor Beans, Rosary Pea

Swallowing a chewed or split bean can cause bloody vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, drowsiness and death from liver or kidney damage.

Glory Lily, Autumn crocus

Eating these can cause vomiting, diarrhea, fever, shock, multi-organ failure (liver, kidneys, respiratory failure).

Common Lantana, Chinaberry

Eating unripe Lantana berries can cause dilated pupils, blurry vision, vomiting, weakness, dizziness, flushed skin and shallow breathing. Eating Chinaberries can cause diarrhea, vomiting, seizures, clammy skin, weakness and difficulty breathing.

Croton, Poinsettia, American Holly

Milky sap can cause skin irritation. Nausea, vomiting or diarrhea may occur if plant is eaten. Eating Holly berries can cause drowsiness, vomiting and dehydration.

Angel’s Trumpet

When flowers, leaves or seeds are eaten, problems such as dry mouth, muscle weakness, high blood pressure, fast pulse, difficult urination, confusion, flushed skin, fever, dilated pupils, blurred vision and constipation can occur.

Poison Ivy, Brazilian Pepper

Touching the leaves or oil from the plant can cause an itchy rash with blisters. Inhaling smoke from burning plants or plants in bloom may cause wheezing or breathing difficulty.

Wild Mushrooms

The type of illness varies depending on which type of mushroom was eaten. Problems may include vomiting, diarrhea, abdominal pain, hallucinations, kidney failure, liver failure, allergic reaction, burning thirst, headache, sweating, lung congestion, seizures and death.